This agreement is ratified by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and enters into force from the date of exchange of ratification instruments. [4] In this context, delegations from both countries will meet from time to time to develop the necessary details. Donald Trump`s offer to help India and Pakistan resolve the Kashmir issue became a major controversy after India rejected the US president`s claim that Prime Minister Narendra Modi had requested it. As the U.S. government tries to downplay Trump`s remarks by calling the Kashmir issue “bilateral” to “discuss India and Pakistan,” the focus has shifted again to previous “bilateral agreements,” whose 1972 Simla Agreement (or Shimla Agreement), signed by then-Indian and Pakistani Prime Ministers Indira Gandhi and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto , for friendly relations between the two countries. The agreement is the result of the two countries` determination to “end the conflict and confrontation that have so far weighed on their relations.” He designed the steps to be taken to further normalize mutual relations and also defined the principles that should govern their future relations. [4] [5] [3] The Delhi Agreement on The Return of War and Civilian Internees is a tripartite agreement between these states, signed on 28 August 1973. The agreement was signed by Kamal Hossain, the Foreign Minister of the Government of Bangladesh, Sardar Swaran Singh, the Indian Minister of Foreign Affairs and Aziz Ahmed, Minister of State for Defence and Foreign Affairs of the Pakistani government. [9] [10] [11] The agreement emphasizes respect for the sovereignty, territorial integrity, political independence and unity of the other. It also mentions non-interference in the internal affairs of the other and hostile propaganda. The agreement was agreed upon and signed after the 1971 Indo-Pak War, after which East Pakistan was liberated, leading to the formation of Bangladesh.

Recalling his agreement of 23 September 1998 that an environment of peace and security is in the supreme national interest of both sides and that the resolution of all outstanding issues, including Jammu and Kashmir, is essential to this end. As part of the agreement, the two nations, India and Pakistan, had agreed to refrain from threats and violence in violation of the line of control in Jammu and Kashmir. This agreement, commonly known as the Simla Pact, was born out of the 1971 war between the two countries over developments in the eastern wing of Pakistan. The aim of the agreement was to define the principles that should govern their future relations. It also provided for measures to be taken to further normalize bilateral relations. Most importantly, it forced the two countries to “resolve their differences through bilateral negotiations by peaceful means.” The summit conference between Bhutto and Indra Gandhi opened in Simla on the agreed date. The summit conference was held from June 28 to July 2, 1972. The objective of the agreement was to define the measures envisaged to normalize bilateral relations and to resolve mutual disputes through peaceful means and bilateral negotiations.

India wanted to solve all the problems in one package, so it proposed a treaty of friendship that required the two countries to refrain from the use of force in dispute resolution, not to interfere in each other`s internal affairs, not to participate in the settlement of their disputes and to renounce military alliances directed against each other.